Ierapetra is located 30km south of Agios Nikolaos, in the narrowest part of Crete, and is the southernmost city of Europe. It is a modern city of 12,500 residents, who mainly deal with agriculture, as Ierapetra produces vast quantities of vegetables that are exported mainly to Europe.Ierapetra is built in the location of the ancient city Ierapytna .In the Roman Era, Ierapytna flourished and became one of the most cosmopolitan cities of the Roman Empire. Its port was particularly important because of its easy access to Egypt. During the Venetian occupation, the Venetians gave great importance to the town and decided to fortify it by building the castle.
Chrissi island is located in the southern side of Crete almost opposite to the town of IerapetraFrom Ierapetra, a short one hour boat trip will bring you to this island paradise. If you are lucky enough you will encounter dolphins during our route.Before disembarking on the island, the guide will inform you on the time of return. On the island you enjoy the beaches with the golden sand and the thousands of sea-shells, the crystal clear waters with the enchanting colors or even more, relax under a cedar of this unique Cedar forest in Crete.Do not miss the opportunity to feel like Robinson for one day !
Kales Fortress Ierapetra
The Kales Fortress was built by the Venetians in the 13th century to protect the town of Ierapetra from their enemies. In 1508 it was destroyed by an earthquake and raids from the Ottomans. The castle losses not completely fixed, perhaps because it was very serious and there was no economic possibility. When Ierapetra fell to the Ottomans in 1647, the castle was repaired and used for the defense of the city. Since this period keeps the name of Good, which is a corruption of the Ottoman 'Koules', meaning tower. All these years the Good standing imposingly at the entrance of the old port of Ierapetra, revealing the city's history. Today you can visit the castle and watch cultural events organized by the Municipality.
Minoan town of Gournia
The archaeological site of Gournia is located on a hill west of Pachia Ammos, next to the road connecting Agios Nikolaos to Ierapetra, 19km east of Agios Nikolaos. The city flourished in the Minoan period and is the fully excavated Minoan settlement in Crete. Because of its good conservation, dubbed as the "Pompeii of Crete". The excavation Gournia made by the American Archaeological Group of Harriet Boyd in 1901-1904. The city seems to be flourished in 1550-1450pCh destroyed by an earthquake in 1450pCh and finally abandoned the 1200pCh. Her name is not known, while Gournia name comes from the stone and wooden bowls (basins) found in the archaeological site before starting excavations. It is worth taking a stroll in the visited archaeological site and see that it was a small Minoan town, wandering through the cobbled streets. The houses have been excavated in the walls, the stairs leading to the second floor, the storage and laboratory areas. Gournia found various tools (chisels, hooks, hammers, vases, etc.) that give the picture of everyday life of the Minoans. It is striking that there was a sewer.